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Chlamydia is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in Sweden. Many do not know that they have the disease because it does not always produce symptoms. It is also one of the more serious because it is untreated, among other things can lead to sterility.
The disease is caused by a bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. The bacteria are found primarily in the urethra and in women also in the vagina. It can sometimes be found in the rectum and, rarely, in the throat.
Chlamydia can be transmitted during unprotected vaginal and anal intercourse, during unprotected oral sex and sometimes can also be transmitted by petting and rimming (if licking someone's anus).
Untreated chlamydia can cause serious complications, especially for women (see below). Therefore it is important that you test if you suspect chlamydia. Do you have a partner, he or she should also be tested.
The condoms significantly reduces the risk of infection provided that it is intact and on throughout intercourse.
More than half of all those infected with chlamydia will have no symptoms at all. For this reason it is important that you always get tested if you have had an unprotected sexual contact. Those who develop symptoms usually get them for one to two weeks. The most common trouble is that it hurts or itches when urinating. This is because the bacteria have caused an inflammation of the urethra. Other symptoms in women may be from bleeding and discharge, pain in the lower abdomen and the experience of pain during intercourse. Men can sometimes cause discharge from the urethra and swelling and pain in the scrotum.
Chlamydia home test is the fastest way to test themselves at home for chlamydia.
Chlamydia infection is cured easily with antibiotics. Until the whole course of antibiotics taken you should not have sexual intercourse or petting. In some instances, be a control sample after treatment to show that it is free of infection. The treatment is free of charge.
Without treatment, the infection in women giving pelvic inflammatory disease which can lead to sterility. It is estimated that 50-60% of infertility in women is due to an untreated chlamydial infection. At the fallopian tubes are also at risk for ectopic pregnancy at a future pregnancy. The woman can also infect the baby at birth, so that the newborn gets eye infection and pneumonia. In men, chlamydia can cause epididymitis, which can sometimes lead to sterility or reduced fertility.
Chlamydia is classified according to the European Communicable Diseases Act as a dangerous disease. This means that if you suspect you are infected, you are obliged to go to a doctor to do the research and take the samples needed. All the examination, care and treatment is free to the patient. Chlamydia is updated continually, which means that you must provide details of the person or persons the infection may have come from it, or the man may have passed it on to. You can choose to self contact their partners or to a doctor or counselor do it. It is in such cases are always anonymous to their partners through the confidentiality of the Infectious Diseases Act. Cases notified anonymously to the county medical officer and to the CDC.